Interactive Chemistry Worksheets for Students
The proper chemical name for sodium bicarbonate or baking soda is sodium hydrogen carbonate.
Sodium bicarbonate is a white powder which is commonly used as an antacid and in cooking as a leavening agent as it reacts with acidic ingredients such as buttermilk and yogurt. It is also used for cleaning and as a deodorizer. It is a very weak base and may be used as an ingredient in toothpaste.
Bicarb of soda can also neutralize both acids and bases due to its amphoteric nature and is often used to mop up small chemical spills involving acidic or basic substances.
The chemical formula for sodium bicarbonate is NaHCO3
The molecular mass or molar mass of sodium bicarbonate is 84.007 g/mol
Baking soda vigorously reacts with vinegar to produce carbon dioxide gas. The chemical equation for the reaction is
Sodium bicarbonate and vinegar => Sodium acetate and water and carbon dioxide
NaHCO3 + CH3COOH => CH3COO-Na+ + H2O + CO2